Grand Jury Resistance: One Size Does Not Fit All

The United States in the only nation in the Anglo-Saxon legal tradition that retains a grand jury system.  A grand jury is the prosecutor’s tool for investigating what the government deems to be possible criminal activity.  Although it has the power to bring criminal indictments as well as to compel people to testify about their activities and those of others in return for a grant of immunity from prosecution, witnesses are not permitted to have their attorneys accompany them into the grand jury room.  A witness who flatly refuses to cooperate or to testify after being granted immunity can